Concrete Repair – What You Need to Know

Concrete Repair Eau Claire is a process that starts with understanding the damage and ends with implementing a concrete repair solution. A qualified contractor will use proper equipment and materials to ensure the repairs last.

Concrete Repair

Proper surface preparation is critical for good bond strength between the repair material and the existing concrete. A key consideration is the presence of deleterious elements in the surrounding concrete that could penetrate the repair material.

Crack injection is a concrete repair technique in which liquid polymers are injected into a cracked concrete structure. This allows the concrete to restore its strength and durability. It is also used to prevent movement of the concrete during natural expansion, thereby increasing its structural integrity. This solution can be applied to concrete and masonry structures like parking slabs, viaduct pillars, lamppost bases, etc.

This method involves the installation of plastic injection ports on the surface of a cracked concrete. Then, epoxy resins are injected at low pressure into the crack. The injection method can be effective on a wide range of crack widths and lengths. It is particularly suitable for repairing cracked concrete foundation walls.

However, high-pressure injection may be necessary for certain types of cracks, such as those that occur on a concrete runway or carriageway. For this type of crack, it would be difficult to inject the epoxy resin at a low pressure into the narrow gap.

Epoxy crack injections are very effective in restoring the strength of concrete structures that have lost their structural integrity due to overload, earthquake, vehicle impact or other external forces. They are a cost-effective alternative to excavation and replacement of the affected concrete section, which is the standard method for repairing cracked foundations.

The epoxy crack injection process begins with cleaning the concrete and preparing it for repair. The cracks are then marked and cleaned using a wire brush. The cracks are then plugged with an epoxy mortar or putty which is allowed to harden for 24 hours. The injection ports are then installed on the surface of the concrete, with one port positioned as far apart as the crack opening is wide.

When it comes to crack injection, quality is very important. The application must be done correctly and in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. If not, the results will be less than satisfactory. For this reason, it is advisable to hire an experienced professional to carry out the crack injection process.

There are many different options for concrete crack injection, but two-component epoxies are preferred. They are easy to use and provide a strong and durable repair. These materials are also highly water-resistant and will not swell in the presence of moisture, which means that they can withstand any weather conditions.

Repairing Cracks

It’s important to address cracks in concrete early on to prevent them from getting worse. Not only can damage to the surface make it unattractive, but it can also cause trips and falls which are a serious safety issue for your family. If you notice any cracks in your concrete, it’s best to contact a professional right away so that they can get the job done before the problem gets worse.

Concrete crack repair methods vary by the type of damage and the severity of the deterioration. Some methods are more permanent than others. To determine the appropriate method, experts analyze the cracks using a variety of tools and techniques, including a visual inspection, a hammer test, and a stress analysis. Then they select a repair method that will best meet the requirements of the structure and the situation.

A dry pack mortar mix is a popular choice because it is easy to work with and provides good strength when used in small cracks. However, it’s important to spray the area with water before applying it to prevent the old concrete from sucking the moisture from the new material. If the old concrete does not hydrate, it will become weaker and the crack will widen again.

Another option is to use a polyurethane system such as PolyLevel, which fills voids and lifts concrete slabs to their original position. PolyLevel is injected through pencil eraser-sized ports, expands to form a structural foam that compacts the soil around the sinking slab. PolyLevel is clean, noninvasive, aesthetically pleasing, and doesn’t retain moisture.

For more severe cracking, it may be necessary to use a prefabricated structural fiberglass reinforcing bar (FRP) or to stitch the cracks using carbon fiber wraps. These materials have been shown to be effective in restoring tensile strength across the crack.

A final option is to inject epoxy or use a crack sealant in the cracks to restore their adhesion to the concrete. To get the best results, a chisel tool is often used to enlarge the base of the crack so that the repair material will adhere better. It’s also important to clean out the crack of any loose debris, which can keep the crack filler from bonding with the concrete.

Overlaying

Overlaying is a popular concrete repair technique that involves applying a layer of new concrete or a specialized overlay material on top of the existing surface. This layer acts as a replacement for the damaged surface and can be used to restore both the appearance and the function of the concrete. Before applying a concrete overlay, the existing concrete should be thoroughly cleaned and any necessary repairs should be made.

In addition, the quality of the interface between the overlay and the existing concrete is a crucial factor in the durability of the repaired structure. This is because the penetration of deleterious substances into the host concrete and/or the repair materials can lead to premature failure of the repair system, i.e., delamination and/or cracking [1].

Typically, concrete overlays are between 1/8″ and 1/2″ thick. A thicker overlay is usually preferred for areas that experience heavy traffic because it will be better able to resist pressure-related damage.

Concrete overlays can be made from a wide variety of materials. Some are cement-based, while others are polymer-modified. Both types are mixed onsite and applied with a trowel or putty knife using a feathering technique. Some systems require the use of a retarder to slow down the curing process and help prevent shrinkage cracking.

Bonded Portland-cement-concrete (PCC) overlays are sometimes used to provide a protective barrier against deicing salts, to increase cover over reinforcing steel, to level floors, or to repair spalled concrete surfaces. Some of these products are reinforced with fibers.

Another type of concrete overlay is self-leveling, which can be used for commercial and residential purposes. This product is injected under the sinking concrete through a pencil eraser-sized hole and expands into a structural foam that compacts the soil underneath the slab. Unlike traditional injection methods, this solution is quick, noninvasive, and aesthetically pleasing.

It is important to work with a professional when performing any kind of concrete repair. Skipping any of the preparation steps or using the incorrect tools or products can result in a poor repair that will not last. In addition, rushing the curing process can cause the concrete to weaken and crack. Regular cleaning and sealing can also help to prolong the life of your concrete repairs.

Sealing

Concrete surfaces, whether interior or exterior, need to be protected from the weather. Sealants protect against stains, water damage, and other elements that can cause the concrete to deteriorate quickly. Sealants can also help to reduce the impact of freeze/thaw cycles on exterior concrete and protect embedded reinforcing steel.

Before applying any type of sealant it is necessary to prepare the concrete surface. This will involve removing any loose material and cleaning the concrete thoroughly with a pressure washer, scrub brush, degreaser, or cleaning supplies. This step will also help to identify any cracks or other problems that need to be addressed.

In some cases, the concrete may need to be roughened to increase slip resistance before the sealer is applied. This can be done with mechanical abrasion methods or blast cleaning, but it is important to use a low blast pressure and a large stand-off distance to avoid any surface gouging that would require further repairs.

After the concrete is prepared and any cracks have been repaired it is time to apply the sealant. There are a variety of sealants available, including topical, penetrating, and integral. Topical sealers create a protective film on the top of the concrete, which helps to repel water and other liquids. They typically need to be reapplied every one to three years. Penetrating sealers soak into the pores of the concrete and help to prevent water damage. They are also more durable and can last for several years before needing to be reapplied.

Caulking is a similar process to sealing, but rather than using a polymer sealant to cover the entire surface, it is used to fill in cracks or gaps. Often, this is performed where the concrete meets other structures such as a house or sidewalk. It is very important to properly caulk this area to prevent water from getting into the cracks where it can cause serious damage and potentially lead to structural issues in the house or sidewalk.

Before applying any sealant, it is important to read the manufacturer’s instructions for proper application and cure times. These instructions will help ensure that the repair is successful and will last for a long period of time. It is also important to follow all safety guidelines when working with concrete, as well as any other materials being used for construction or repair.